FAQ’s on tithing
Questions most people ask when it comes to tithing as a New Testament believer.
Over the years I have had some people ask questions about whether or not the tithe (giving the first 10% of our income back to God as prescribed by the law) is biblical. I couldn’t say it better than J.D Greear who compiled these answers to Frequently Asked Questions on tithing and giving.
1. Isn’t tithing Old Testament law? Aren’t we free of that? Yes and No.
A. Tithing is a part of the law, and Jesus has definitely fulfilled it all in our place so that we are free from it’s bondage. However, the purposes of the law were (generally speaking) 3-fold:
1. To show us what God was like;
2. To reveal how far short we fall of God’s character;
3. To show us how to thrive in the creation God has placed us in.
None of these 3 purposes faded with the death of Jesus. If anything, Jesus’ coming intensified them. We saw more of what God was like, what holiness was like, and what a man acting in perfect harmony with creation was like. As it relates to the tithe, the law reveals the unchanging character of God and how He expects us to view the money HE provided for us.
A minimum of 10% that he has given to us in the first place through our earnings, whether we are rich or poor, is to go back into His work. This is why the “tithe” principle (the first 10% of income going into God’s work) is taught pre-law (Abraham); law (Moses); post-exile (Malachi); and even affirmed under Jesus (Matthew 23:23). God’s purposes for creation haven’t changed. We are no longer under the theocratic nation state of Israel, but how God has set up his economy for His people has not changed.
God doesn’t lay the financial weight of the entire world on any of our shoulders, but He has given His people a plan whereby they do their part. The law was given to help people live in the peace (shalom) of God. That’s what gives the law (principles like taking a Sabbath and the tithe) an enduring effect. Thus, the idea that 10% of all that God gives to you is given for you to give back to Him remains, I believe, as a good guide to our giving.
Now, let me be clear — Jesus left us under NO PART of the law, not the tithe or any thing else! But the law, in that it reflects God’s character and his ordering of creation, is still good, and still functions as a guide to how we are to live under God in this world. Men and women of God throughout the Bible, including Abraham and Jesus, seemed to recognize that.
B. If anything, the Gospel raises the level of our response to God’s laws. True obedience, Jesus says, goes much deeper than the behavior standards the law required. For example, the law said “Don’t murder;” yet, Jesus said the Gospel demanded we love our brother always and not hate him, not even hate our enemies. The law said “Don’t commit adultery;” yet, Jesus said that the Gospel demanded people not even “look on another woman with lust in our heart.”
So, if the law says “Give 10%,” what kind of generosity does the Gospel call for? Would it not be GREATER generosity than 10%, just as the other commands were also intensified in Christ? In other words, if the people who saw God’s generosity in the Exodus responded with giving 10%, how much more should people who have seen the cross? This is why you see the early church giving FAR beyond 10%. So overwhelmed by the generosity of Christ, they wanted to pour out their possessions for those in need (2 Corinthians 8:9).
For Gospel-touched people, tithing should never be the ceiling of their giving, but it should be the floor.
Tithing, in and of itself, is not a iron-clad rule for Christians as it was for Israelites under the law.That said, “giving our firstfruits to God” most definitely IS a biblical principle, true of God’s people in all places and at all times. And 10% is a great place to start with that.
2. Should I give the tithe “pre-tax”, or post-tax? In the OT, God called the tithe a “firstfruit” (cf. 1 Cor 16:2). This meant their giving to God came first before anything else.
3. When during the month should I give? The principle of “firstfruits” also shows us, in my opinion, that the tithe should be given first, and not at the end of the month when you see how much left over you have. If you do the latter, you will inevitably never have enough to give God 10%. You’re giving him your scraps. But if you do the former, you will inevitably adjust your lifestyle around what you have left. And, God also will find a way to multiply His blessings to you. I’ve seen that happen in my own life many times.
I hope this helps. I know some of you might think this is self-serving… as in when people tithe, my own means as a pastor are provided for. I guess there’s no way around that for me, but I can tell you that my passion is to see people set free financially and blessed because of their obedience in the area of finance.